Seed is the starting point of agriculture and dictates ultimate productivity of other inputs. Good quality seed alone increases the yield by 15-20 per cent. To meet the potential challenge of catering to the food need of 1.4 billion people of our country by 2025, a quantum increase in agricultural productivity is very much essential and hence production and distribution of high quality seeds of improved varieties/ hybrids to the fanning community is becoming increasingly important.
In paddy cultivation, the farmers depend on their own farm saved seeds for paddy production which needs certain basic practices of selection of good seeds for sowing. Moreover the crops are raised for market and a small portion of the grains are separated, stored and used as seeds in the next season which may not meet the quality aspects as expected for a seed which results in poor field stand, and ultimately yield.
Quality seed is the key input for realizing potential productivity. As the quality deteriorates during subsequent generations the old seed must be replaced with fresh lots of quality seeds. Ideally seed should be replaced every year for hybrids and every three to four years for non-hybrids. Therefore it is necessary to improve the availability of quality seeds to raise the Seed Replacement Rate (SRR).
Despite implementation of the organized seed programme, the seed replacement rate has only reached 15 per cent and there exists an alarming gap between the demand and supply of quality seeds.
There is vast scope to produce and distribute quality seeds for which seed village concept is a novel and highly practical approach and needs to be promoted to facilitate production and timely distribution of quality seeds of desired varieties at village level. In this context, the concept of seed village which advocates village self-sufficiency in production and distribution of quality seeds is getting momentum.
A village, wherein trained group of farmers are involved in production 'of seeds of various crops and cater to the needs of themselves, fellow farmers of the village and farmers of neighboring villages in appropriate time and at affordable cost is called "a seed village".
· Seed is available at the door steps of farms at an appropriate time
· Seed availability at affordable cost even lesser than market price
· Increased confidence among the farmers about the quality because of known source of production
· Producer and consumer are mutually benefited
· Facilitates fast spread of new cultivars of different kinds
1. Solve the problem of isolation
2. Mechanization is possible from sowing to harvesting
3. Post harvest handling of seed is easy
4. Because of a single variety, the problem of varietal admixture during processing, drying will be avoided
5. Seed certification official will cover large area per unit time
6. Totally it reduces the cost of cultivation
7. Seed will be with high genetic, physical purity